Fossil fuels – coal, oil and gas – are by far the largest contributor to global climate change. Burning them generates over 75 per cent of global greenhouse gas emissions and nearly 90 per cent of all carbon dioxide emissions annually.
As greenhouse gas emissions linger in the Earth’s atmosphere, they trap the sun’s heat and warm our planet. We have this human-driven process to blame for unpredictable weather patterns, severe natural disasters, unbearable heat, and biodiversity loss happening as of late.
But wait, it gets even more wild.
Despite the signs of climate breakdown – and the role they play in this issue – being more evident than ever, fossil fuel companies are making more than ever before. A 2022 earnings report reveals record-breaking profits last year.
Just five companies – ExxonMobil, Shell, BP, Chevron, and TotalEnergie – reported a total of nearly $200 billion in profits.
The cost of this? Well, human health and safety, biodiversity loss, destruction of natural landscapes, and the decline of the planet itself.
A study published in Science found that we may have already crossed a number of tipping point thresholds with the 1.1 degrees Celsius of global warming that humans have caused so far.
Just last week, the United Nations warned that countries aren’t doing enough to curb warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius, which they agreed to do during the Paris climate summit in 2015. Past this point, more ‘tipping point’ consequences are sure to come.
Experts have warned the world about this for a while, too.
In 2009, a scientific research paper was published in Nature. It outlined the ‘defining preconditions for human development’ and stated that ‘crossing certain biophysical thresholds could have disastrous consequences for humanity’.
At the time of writing, it stated that three of nine interlinked planetary boundaries had already been overstepped. An updated analysis published in recent days says that Earth is now exceeding its ‘safe operating space for humanity’ in six of the nine key measurements of its health.
Lead author of the study Katherine Richardson from the University of Copenhagen says, ‘We can think of Earth as a human body, and the planetary boundaries as blood pressure. High blood pressure doesn’t mean for certain that you are having a heart attack, but it does increase the risk.’
Co-author of the study, Johan Rockstrom of Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research in Germany, continued using the medical health analogy. ‘We are in very bad shape,’ he says. ‘We show in this analysis that the planet is losing resilience and the patient is sick.’
So how do we take steps to heal? Turning our backs on the use of fossil fuels would be a great place to start. This is exactly what the Global Fight to End Fossil Fuels protests are hoping to achieve.
An overview of planned events and protests can be found on the Fossil Fuel Treaty map website. Most will be taking place in Europe, more specifically, London, Paris, Rome, Madrid, Brussels, Berlin, Vienna, and Stockholm.
Will you be there?