Sudan’s ongoing clashes between the Sudanese Armed Forces and the paramilitary group known as the Rapid Support Forces (RSF) have left over 180 people dead and close to 2,000 injured according to the UN.
For years, Sudan’s clashes between the military and various armed groups have continued to destabilize the country’s economy.
However, the current conflict that began last Saturday and is still ongoing between Sudanese Armed Forces and the Rapid Support Forces (RSF) can be traced back to 2019 when protests against the government of President Omar al-Bashir began and he was later ousted in a military coup the same year.
In 2019, General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, the chief of Sudan’s army, and General Mohamed Hamdan Dagalo, the commander of the Rapid Support Forces (RSF), were once allies who collaborated to orchestrate a military coup that halted Sudan’s transition towards democratic governance.
A transitional military council was established to govern the country upon al-Bashir’s ousting.
The population called for a civilian-led government through a nationwide protest leading to a power-sharing agreement signed between the military council and civilian representatives, paving the way for a transitional government takeover.
The transitional government was tasked with preparing the country for democratic elections.
With the ongoing clashes, according to the UN’s Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Sudan Mr. Volker Perthes, he made an appeal to both parties, urging them to immediately halt the fighting to safeguard the wellbeing of the Sudanese people and prevent any further violence.
Local reports indicate that over 180 people have been killed, including three UN workers and close to 2,000 injured while thousands displaced.
The number is expected to rise as clashes continue to hit the country’s major cities and towns despite calls from international organizations and leaders for the two groups to have peace.
The Rapid Support Forces (RSF) which was formed as a branch of the Sudanese military, has been accused of committing human rights abuses, including killing civilians and committing acts of torture. The Sudanese government has blamed the group for the recent surge in violence, accusing it of seeking to destabilize the country. The RSF, however, denies the allegations and claims that it is being unfairly targeted by the government.